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What is a Public Cord Blood Bank?

Public cord blood banks function like public blood banks, in that they accept donations from anyone, discard donations that fail to meet various quality control standards, and use national registries to find recipients for their samples. Since patients who need cord blood frequently need more cells than a single collection would have provided, public banks frequently combined multiple samples together when preparing the treatment for a single patient. Unlike bone marrow transplantation, cord blood transplantation doesn't require an exact genetic match, which makes it easier to provide patients samples from unrelated donors.[3] The percentage of public bank donations discarded as medical waste is often cited to be between 60 and 80%. Some of this is due to contamination that occasionally occurs during collection or complications arising from shipping, though this is mostly due to the fact that most cord blood collections fail to collect enough usable cells.[13] Because matches are almost always likely to be better in a public than a private bank, and cord blood from public banks doesn't suffer from the problems it commonly suffers from at private banks (such as potential lower quality control and lower medical usefulness of using a patient's own potentially diseased cord blood), public cord blood banking has been more widely accepted by the medical community.[1] One important obstacle facing public banks is the high cost required to maintain them, which has prevented more than a handful from opening. Because public banks do not charge storage fees, medical centers do not always have the funds required to establish and maintain them.[14]

A recent large study by the journal Pediatrics concluded that almost all cord blood transplants come from public banks:[15]

In the Pediatrics study, transplant specialists who collectively have performed thousands of stem cell transplants for childhood leukemia and other illnesses report that only 50 involved privately banked blood. (Support for public cord-blood banking is widespread in the medical community.) Forty-one cases involved blood used to treat a family member, often a sibling; in 36 of those cases the need for a transplant was known before the cord blood was collected. Only nine cases involved giving cord blood back to the donor, a practice known as autologous transplantation and the chief selling point for private cord-blood banking.













  1. Jump up to:a b c d "Opinion 2.165 - Umbilical Cord Blood Banking". Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  2. Jump up to:a b c d "Cord Blood Banking: Marketing Before Medicine? - ABC News". 2010-05-06. Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  3. Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j k "Cord Blood Banking for Potential Future Transplantation". Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  4. ^ "Aap News Release - Aap: Cord Blood Banking For Future Transplantation Not Recommended". 1999-07-06. Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  5. Jump up to:a b "Private Cord Blood Banking: Experiences and Views of Pediatric Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Physicians". Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  6. Jump up to:a b "Umbilical cord blood banking: Pros & cons, costs, banking basics". Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  7. Jump up to:a b c d Searcey, Dionne (2014-04-25). "Inside the Private Umbilical Cord Blood Banking Business". WSJ. Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  8. Jump up to:a b "WMDA Policy Statement on the Utility of Autologous or Family Cord Blood Unit Storage" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  9. ^ "Public Cord Blood Donation". National Cord Blood Program. Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  10. ^ "CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21"Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-18.

  11. ^ "Umbilical Cord Blood Banks Licensed to Collect in New York". Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  12. ^ "AABB Accredited Cord Blood (CB) Facilities". Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  13. Jump up to:a b c d Moninger, Jeannette. "The Cord Blood Banking Controversy". Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  14. ^ "Public vs Private Cord Blood Banks", Babies Online, Retrieved September 6, 2016

  15. ^ "Study Questions Value of Private Cord-Blood Banks". Retrieved 2015-03-09.

External links

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Bibliographic details for "Cord blood bank"

What is a Cord Blood Bank?

A cord blood bank is a facility which stores umbilical cord blood for future use. Both private and public cord blood banks have developed in response to the potential for cord blood in treating diseases of the blood and immune systems. Public cord blood banks accept donations to be used for anyone in need, and as such function like public blood banks. Private cord blood banks store cord blood solely for potential use by the donor or donor's family. 

Cord Blood

Bank Near




700 Brooker Creek Blvd, Oldsmar FL 34677, Oldsmar

Cryo-Cell International, the world's first family cord blood bank, provides premier cord blood stem cell cryopreservation service. Cryo-Cell acquired the CORD:USE public bank in June 2018 and continues to operate their network of cord blood donation hospitals.


45 Horsehill Road, Cedar Knolls, NJ 07927

LifebankUSA seeks mothers in NEW YORK & NEW JERSEY ONLY who will donate both their cord blood and their placenta. The donations support an international registry, clinical trials and research.  Donations can be taken from any hospital, but mothers must register at least 8 weeks prior to delivery and pass a health screening.


13800 Live Oak Ave., Baldwin Park, CA 91706

StemCyte is a global cord blood therapeutics company.  StemCyte participates in the US network of public cord blood banks operated by Be The Match. In addition, StemCyte operates the National Cord Blood Bank of Taiwan, whose units are also listed with Be The Match.


921 Terry Avenue., Seattle

Bloodworks Northwest (formerly Puget Sound Blood Center) collects cord blood donations directly in Washington state, and also receives donations from Hawaii.

California's Umbilical Cord Blood Collection Program

2921 Stockton Boulevard., Sacramento

The Umbilical Cord Blood Collection Program (UCBCP) is a California state program administered by the University of California Davis Health System.

Carolinas Cord Blood Bank

2301 Erwin Road.NC 27710, Durham

Carolinas Cord Blood Bank at Duke (CCBB) is headed by Dr. Joanne Kurtzberg. Expectant parents who have a child in need of therapy with cord blood, especially the new therapies in clinical trials at Duke, may be eligible for directed donation through CCBB.

Celebration Stem Cell Centre

3495 South Mercy Rd., AZ 85297 , Gilbert

The Celebration Stem Cell Centre (CSCC), offers both public donation and private "family banking" of umbilical cord blood.  All cord blood collections are processed according to the highest standards in the industry in a new, state-of-the art facility located in Gilbert, Arizona.  The public cord blood donation program is funded by the private "family banking" program and private philanthropy.

CHOC Cord Blood Bank

1201 W La Veta Ave, Orange, CA 92868, Orange

Children's Hospital of Orange County has a cord blood program that accepts donations from births at the next door St. Joseph's Hospital.

Cleveland Cord Blood Center

25001 Emery Rd #150, Warrensville Heights, OH 44128

Abraham J. & Phyllis Katz Cord Blood Foundation d.b.a. Cleveland Cord Blood Center collects donations in Cleveland and Atlanta.


12705 E. Montview Blvd, Suite 250, Aurora

ClinImmune Labs is an academic-based biotechnology company that processes cord blood donations for the University of Colorado Cord Blood Bank and the St. Louis Cord Blood Bank.

Cord Blood Bank of Arkansas

4301 W. Markham St., Little Rock

The Cord Blood Bank of Arkansas launched operations in 2011, providing both public donation and family banking services. They accept donations from ANY HOSPITAL IN THE STATE OF ARKANSAS.  They also accept donations from bordering states so long as the donor is an Arkansas resident.

Cord For Life

270 Northlake Boulevard, Altamonte Springs FL 32701 ,

Cord for Life accepts Mothers must register by week 34 of pregnancy.

Gencure: Texas Cord Blood Bank

First Park Ten Blvd, San Antonio, TX 78213, San Antonio

Texas Cord Blood Bank is a division of the South Texas Blood & Tissue Center, and since 2014 is affiliated with GenCure.

800 Yamato Road. Suite 101, Boca Raton Gift of Life is a non-profit charity that seeks to help Jewish patients find a transplant match.  They recruit both bone marrow donors and cord blood donations from the Jewish community.  Gift of Life operates their own accredited cord blood laboratory that participates in the national NMDP network.

J.P. McCarthy Cord Stem Cell Bank

4100 John R. Street, Detroit

The J.P. McCarthy cord blood bank was founded in memory of a morning radio show host in Detroit. It is run by the Karmanos Cancer Institute.

Life Line Stem Cell

124 Lincoln Hwy W., New Haven

Life Line Stem Cell asks mothers arriving for delivery to donate all perinatal tissue: cord blood, cord tissue, and the placenta. Cord blood donations that are eligible for transplant are sent to a public cord blood bank; the tissue collections go towards research programs.

LifeCord LifeSouth

4039 Newberry Road, Gainesville FL 32607, Gainesville

Lifecord is a cord blood donation program of LifeSouth Community Blood Centers. LifeCord was the first public cord bank established in the Southeastern United States.

MD Anderson Cord Blood Bank

1515 Holcombe Blvd. Unit 423., Houston

M.D. Anderson hospital has the largest stem cell transplantation program in the world, and in April 2005 they established a public cord blood bank that is accredited under the international standards.


Michigan Blood
1036 Fuller NE. PO Box 1704 Grand Rapids, Michigan

Michigan Blood mails the cord blood donation kit to the expectant mother but only accepts collections from deliveries at selected hospitals.

NY Blood Center: National Cord Blood Program

45-01 Vernon Blvd., NY, Long Island City

Collection hospitals for the NY Blood Center do NOT require advance registration: mothers can give a partial consent to collect the cord blood during labor, and only if the collected cord blood is suitable for transplantation will the mothers will be given additional education and asked for a final banking consent post-delivery.

Oklahoma Blood Institute

1001 N. Lincoln Blvd., Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, Oklahoma City

Oklahoma Blood Institute (OBI) is launching a public cord blood bank in 2018.

San Diego Cord Blood Bank

3636 Gateway Center Avenue., San Diego

The San Diego Cord Blood Bank has received funding from the California Umbilical Cord Blood Collection Program that enables them to  collect donations.

Upstate Cord Blood Bank

4910 Broad Road, Syracuse, NY 13215, Syracuse

SUNY Upstate Medical University in Syracuse NY hosts a new public (& soon family) cord blood bank, launched in February 2017.

Vitalant New Jersey

102 Chestnut Ridge Road, Montvale NJ 07645, Montvale

Vitalant New Jersey (formerly Community Blood Services) can accept cord blood donations without pre-registration at participating hospitals that have on-site staff.  Donations are also accepted from certain hospitals via partnerships with local charities.


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