What is a Cord Blood Bank?

A cord blood bank is a facility which stores umbilical cord blood for future use. Both private and public cord blood banks have developed in response to the potential for cord blood in treating diseases of the blood and immune systems. Public cord blood banks accept donations to be used for anyone in need, and as such function like public blood banks. Traditionally, public cord blood banking has been more widely accepted by the medical community.[1] Private cord blood banks store cord blood solely for potential use by the donor or donor's family. Private banks typically charge around $2,000 for the collection and around $200 a year for storage.[2]

The policy of the American Academy of Pediatrics states that "private storage of cord blood as 'biological insurance' is unwise" unless there is a family member with a current or potential need to undergo a stem cell transplantation.[3][4][5] The American Academy of Pediatrics also notes that the odds of using one's own cord blood is 1 in 200,000[6] while the Institute of Medicine says that only 14 such procedures have ever been performed.[6] Private storage of one's own cord blood is unlawful in Italy and France, and it is also discouraged in some other European countries. The American Medical Association states "Private banking should be considered in the unusual circumstance when there exists a family predisposition to a condition in which umbilical cord stem cells are therapeutically indicated. However, because of its cost, limited likelihood of use, and inaccessibility to others, private banking should not be recommended to low-risk families."[1] The American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation and the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists also encourage public cord banking and discourage private cord blood banking. Nearly all cord blood transfusions come from public banks, rather than private banks,[2][5] partly because most treatable conditions can't use one's own cord blood.[3][7]

Cord blood contains hematopoietic stem cells (which can differentiate only into blood cells), and should not be confused with embryonic stem cells or pluripotent stem cells, which can differentiate into any cell in the body.[2][3][3] Cord blood stem cells are blood cell progenitors which can form red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. This is why cord blood cells are currently used to treat blood and immune system related genetic diseases, cancers, and blood disorders. On the possibility that cord blood stem cells could be used for other purposes, the World Marrow Donor Association and European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies states "The possibility of using one’s own cord blood stem cells for regenerative medicine is currently purely hypothetical....It is therefore highly hypothetical that cord blood cells kept for autologous use will be of any value in the future” and “the legitimacy of commercial cord blood banks for autologous use should be questioned as they sell a service which has presently no real use regarding therapeutic options.”[8][9]

Contents

Regulation

In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration regulates cord blood under the category of “Human Cells, Tissues, and Cellular and Tissue Based-Products.” The Code of Federal Regulations under which the FDA regulates public and private cord blood banks is Title 21 Section 1271.[10] Several states also require accreditation, including New York, New Jersey, and California. Any company not accredited within those states are not legally permitted to collect cord blood from those states, even if the company is based out of state. Potential clients can check the New York accreditation status from the New York Umbilical Cord Blood Banks Licensed to Collect in New York.[11] Both public and private cord blood banks are also eligible for voluntary accreditation with either the American Association of Blood Banks (AABB) or the Foundation for the Accreditation of Cellular Therapy (FACT). Potential clients can check the current accreditation status of laboratories from the AABB list of accredited cord blood laboratories or the FACT search engine of accredited cord blood banks (on their home page).[12] Other countries also have regulations pertaining to cord blood.[13]

Collection and cryopreservation

Cord blood collection happens after the umbilical cord has been cut and is extracted from the fetal end of the cord, diverting up to 75 +/- 23 mL from the neonate. It is usually done within ten minutes of giving birth. Additional stem cells may be collected from the placenta. After the health care provider draws the cord blood from the placental end of the umbilical cord, the placenta is couriered to the stem cell laboratory, where it is processed for additional stem cells. An adequate cord blood collection requires at least 75mL in order to ensure that there will be enough cells to be used for a transplantation. Before the cord blood is stored for later use, it undergoes viral testing, including tests for HIV and Hepatitis B and C, and tissue typing to determine Human Leukocyte Antigen type. It will also be examined for nucleated cell count, cell viability, blood group antigen ABO & Rh blood group system, molecule cluster (CD34), and bacterial and fungal growth.

After the collection, the cord blood unit is shipped to the lab and processed, and then cryopreserved. There are many ways to process a cord blood unit, and there are differing opinions on what the best way is. Some processing methods separate out the red blood cells and remove them, while others keep the red blood cells. However the unit is processed, a cryopreservant is added to the cord blood to allow the cells to survive the cryogenic process. After the unit is slowly cooled to −90 °C, it can then be added to a liquid nitrogen tank which will keep the cord blood unit frozen at −196 °C. The slow freezing process is important to keep the cells alive during the freezing process. There is no consensus yet on optimal procedures for these cord blood cells, although many cryopreservation strategies suggest using dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), slow or controlled rate cooling, and rapid thawing.

Cord blood stem cells (though usually from donors) are currently used in the treatment of several life-threatening conditions, mainly blood and immune system related genetic diseases, cancers, and blood disorders. The first clinically documented use of cord blood stem cells was in the successful treatment of a six-year-old boy afflicted by Fanconi anemia in 1988. Since then, cord blood has become increasingly recognized as a source of stem cells that can be used in stem cell therapy.[3] Recent studies have shown that cord blood has unique advantages over traditional bone marrow transplantation, particularly in children, and can be life-saving in rare cases where a suitable bone-marrow donor cannot be found. Cord blood stem cells can also be used for siblings and other members of your family who have a matching tissue type. Siblings have a 25% chance of compatibility, and the cord blood may even be a match for parents (50%) and grandparents.[3]

Public banks

Public cord blood banks function like public blood banks, in that they accept donations from anyone, discard donations that fail to meet various quality control standards, and use national registries to find recipients for their samples. Since patients who need cord blood frequently need more cells than a single collection would have provided, public banks frequently combined multiple samples together when preparing the treatment for a single patient. Unlike bone marrow transplantation, cord blood transplantation doesn't require an exact genetic match, which makes it easier to provide patients samples from unrelated donors.[3] The percentage of public bank donations discarded as medical waste is often cited to be between 60 and 80%. Some of this is due to contamination that occasionally occurs during collection or complications arising from shipping, though this is mostly due to the fact that most cord blood collections fail to collect enough usable cells.[13] Because matches are almost always likely to be better in a public than a private bank, and cord blood from public banks doesn't suffer from the problems it commonly suffers from at private banks (such as potential lower quality control and lower medical usefulness of using a patient's own potentially diseased cord blood), public cord blood banking has been more widely accepted by the medical community.[1] One important obstacle facing public banks is the high cost required to maintain them, which has prevented more than a handful from opening. Because public banks do not charge storage fees, medical centers do not always have the funds required to establish and maintain them.[14]

A recent large study by the journal Pediatrics concluded that almost all cord blood transplants come from public banks:[15]

In the Pediatrics study, transplant specialists who collectively have performed thousands of stem cell transplants for childhood leukemia and other illnesses report that only 50 involved privately banked blood. (Support for public cord-blood banking is widespread in the medical community.) Forty-one cases involved blood used to treat a family member, often a sibling; in 36 of those cases the need for a transplant was known before the cord blood was collected. Only nine cases involved giving cord blood back to the donor, a practice known as autologous transplantation and the chief selling point for private cord-blood banking.

Private banks

Private banking is typically costly to parents and not covered by insurance. The ability to use the cord blood may also depend on the long-term commercial viability of the enterprise.[7] Accordingly, whether cord blood banking is a worthwhile expenditure for the expectant parent depends in part upon whether the expenditure is offset by the likelihood of ultimately using the cord blood and by the benefits of such use.[7] It is important to ensure the credentials of any potential private bank. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration regulates cord blood under the category of “Human Cells, Tissues, and Cellular and Tissue Based-Products”. Since the FDA considers cord blood stored at public banks to be "drugs", but doesn't consider cord blood stored at private banks for use by the donor to be drugs, private banks are held to a lower regulatory standard.[13]

Cord blood transplants require less stringent matching between the tissue types of the donor and patient, known as their human leukocyte antigen (HLA) types. Bone marrow transplants require a complete match on six key antigens, which are measures of graft-versus-host reaction, known as a 6/6 match. Cord blood transplants achieve the same medical success with only a 4/6 match.[13] HLA type is inherited from both parents, so siblings are particularly likely to be a match, and people from the same ethnic heritage are more likely to match. Minority ethnic groups have difficulty finding a perfectly matched transplant donor. Studies have found that allogeneic transplants have a better outcome when the donor and patient are related. The odds that two siblings will have the 6/6 match required for a bone marrow transplant are 25%.[7] The odds that two siblings will have the 4/6 match required for a cord blood transplant are 39%.

The policy of the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada (SOGC) supports public cord blood banking (similar to the collection and banking of other blood products, i.e. altruistic, anyone can use it), as well as stating that it should only be considered under certain circumstances. The policy of the American Academy of Pediatrics states that "private storage of cord blood as 'biological insurance' is unwise" unless there is a family member with a current or potential need to undergo a stem cell transplantation. Private storage of one's own cord blood is unlawful in Italy and France, and it is also discouraged in some other European countries.[1]

The American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation states that public donation of cord blood is encouraged where possible, the probability of using one's own cord blood is very small, and therefore storage of cord blood for personal use is not recommended, and family member banking (collecting and storing cord blood for a family member) is recommended when there is a sibling with a disease that may be treated successfully with an allogeneic transplant.

Ownership of cord blood

As of 2007, contracts of the largest cord blood banks do not explicitly state that the cord blood belongs to the donors and child with all the rights and privileges one would reasonably expect from ownership. The ambiguity leaves open future uses not approved by the donors and child. The majority of private cord blood banking facilities, the mother owns all rights to the cord blood that was banked, until the minor in which the cord blood was taken turns eighteen. At that time the minor has all rights to his or her own banked cord blood.

Concerns have been raised that the current interest in cord blood could cause a perception that cord blood is "unused" by the birth process, thus decreasing the amount of blood which is infused into the child as part of the birth process.[3] The pulsation of the cord pushes blood into the child, and it has been recommended that the cord cease pulsation prior to clamping. With the demand for cord blood increasing, there is a possibility that the cord could be clamped prematurely to preserve even more "extra" cord blood. The American Academy of Pediatricians notes: "if cord clamping is done too soon after birth, the infant may be deprived of a placental blood transfusion, resulting in lower blood volume and increased risk for anemia."[3]

Safety and effectiveness

Using one's own cord blood cells might not be wise or effective, especially in cases of childhood cancers and leukemia. Children who develop an immunological disorder often are unable to use their own cord blood for transplant because the blood also contains the same genetic defect.[8]

Additional issues include the possible contamination of the cord blood unit with the same cancer diagnosed later in life; for example, abnormal cells have been detected in filters containing newborn blood of children who were not diagnosed with acute leukemia until the age of 2 to 6 years. The high relapse rates after autologous or syngeneic transplant and the benefit of a graft-vs.-leukemia effect of an allogeneic transplant suggest that autologous cord blood would not be the ideal source of stem cells for patients with leukemia needing a transplant

Confusion with embryonic stem cells

The public in the United States has a general awareness of embryonic stem cells because of the stem cell controversy. However, cord blood stem cells (hematopoietic stem cells) are not embryonic stem cells (pluripotent stem cells).[2][3][3]
 

See also

References

  1. Jump up to:a b c d "Opinion 2.165 - Umbilical Cord Blood Banking". Ama-assn.org. Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  2. Jump up to:a b c d "Cord Blood Banking: Marketing Before Medicine? - ABC News". Abcnews.go.com. 2010-05-06. Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  3. Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j k "Cord Blood Banking for Potential Future Transplantation". Pediatrics.aappublications.org. Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  4. ^ "Aap News Release - Aap: Cord Blood Banking For Future Transplantation Not Recommended". Nationalcordbloodprogram.org. 1999-07-06. Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  5. Jump up to:a b "Private Cord Blood Banking: Experiences and Views of Pediatric Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Physicians". Pediatrics.aappublications.org. Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  6. Jump up to:a b "Umbilical cord blood banking: Pros & cons, costs, banking basics". Webmd.com. Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  7. Jump up to:a b c d Searcey, Dionne (2014-04-25). "Inside the Private Umbilical Cord Blood Banking Business". WSJ. Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  8. Jump up to:a b "WMDA Policy Statement on the Utility of Autologous or Family Cord Blood Unit Storage" (PDF). Bloodcell.transplant.hrsa.gov. Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  9. ^ "Public Cord Blood Donation". National Cord Blood Program. Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  10. ^ "CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21"Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-18.

  11. ^ "Umbilical Cord Blood Banks Licensed to Collect in New York". Health.ny.gov. Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  12. ^ "AABB Accredited Cord Blood (CB) Facilities". Aabb.org. Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  13. Jump up to:a b c d Moninger, Jeannette. "The Cord Blood Banking Controversy". Parents.com. Retrieved 2015-03-09.

  14. ^ "Public vs Private Cord Blood Banks", Babies Online, Retrieved September 6, 2016

  15. ^ "Study Questions Value of Private Cord-Blood Banks". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2015-03-09.

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Bibliographic details for "Cord blood bank"

What is a Cord Blood Bank?

A cord blood bank is a facility which stores umbilical cord blood for future use. Both private and public cord blood banks have developed in response to the potential for cord blood in treating diseases of the blood and immune systems. Public cord blood banks accept donations to be used for anyone in need, and as such function like public blood banks. Private cord blood banks store cord blood solely for potential use by the donor or donor's family. 

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Public Cord Blood Banks

Cryo-Cell

700 Brooker Creek Blvd, Oldsmar FL 34677, Oldsmar

Cryo-Cell International, the world's first family cord blood bank, provides premier cord blood stem cell cryopreservation service. Cryo-Cell acquired the CORD:USE public bank in June 2018 and continues to operate their network of cord blood donation hospitals.

LifebankUSA

45 Horsehill Road, Cedar Knolls, NJ 07927

LifebankUSA seeks mothers in NEW YORK & NEW JERSEY ONLY who will donate both their cord blood and their placenta. The donations support an international registry, clinical trials and research.  Donations can be taken from any hospital, but mothers must register at least 8 weeks prior to delivery and pass a health screening.

StemCyte

13800 Live Oak Ave., Baldwin Park, CA 91706

StemCyte is a global cord blood therapeutics company.  StemCyte participates in the US network of public cord blood banks operated by Be The Match. In addition, StemCyte operates the National Cord Blood Bank of Taiwan, whose units are also listed with Be The Match.

BloodworksNW

921 Terry Avenue., Seattle

Bloodworks Northwest (formerly Puget Sound Blood Center) collects cord blood donations directly in Washington state, and also receives donations from Hawaii.

California's Umbilical Cord Blood Collection Program

2921 Stockton Boulevard., Sacramento

The Umbilical Cord Blood Collection Program (UCBCP) is a California state program administered by the University of California Davis Health System.

Carolinas Cord Blood Bank

2301 Erwin Road.NC 27710, Durham

Carolinas Cord Blood Bank at Duke (CCBB) is headed by Dr. Joanne Kurtzberg. Expectant parents who have a child in need of therapy with cord blood, especially the new therapies in clinical trials at Duke, may be eligible for directed donation through CCBB.

Celebration Stem Cell Centre

3495 South Mercy Rd., AZ 85297 , Gilbert

The Celebration Stem Cell Centre (CSCC), offers both public donation and private "family banking" of umbilical cord blood.  All cord blood collections are processed according to the highest standards in the industry in a new, state-of-the art facility located in Gilbert, Arizona.  The public cord blood donation program is funded by the private "family banking" program and private philanthropy.

CHOC Cord Blood Bank

1201 W La Veta Ave, Orange, CA 92868, Orange

Children's Hospital of Orange County has a cord blood program that accepts donations from births at the next door St. Joseph's Hospital.

Cleveland Cord Blood Center

25001 Emery Rd #150, Warrensville Heights, OH 44128

Abraham J. & Phyllis Katz Cord Blood Foundation d.b.a. Cleveland Cord Blood Center collects donations in Cleveland and Atlanta.

ClinImmune

12705 E. Montview Blvd, Suite 250, Aurora

ClinImmune Labs is an academic-based biotechnology company that processes cord blood donations for the University of Colorado Cord Blood Bank and the St. Louis Cord Blood Bank.

Cord Blood Bank of Arkansas

4301 W. Markham St., Little Rock

The Cord Blood Bank of Arkansas launched operations in 2011, providing both public donation and family banking services. They accept donations from ANY HOSPITAL IN THE STATE OF ARKANSAS.  They also accept donations from bordering states so long as the donor is an Arkansas resident.

Cord For Life

270 Northlake Boulevard, Altamonte Springs FL 32701 ,

Cord for Life accepts Mothers must register by week 34 of pregnancy.

Gencure: Texas Cord Blood Bank

First Park Ten Blvd, San Antonio, TX 78213, San Antonio

Texas Cord Blood Bank is a division of the South Texas Blood & Tissue Center, and since 2014 is affiliated with GenCure.

800 Yamato Road. Suite 101, Boca Raton Gift of Life is a non-profit charity that seeks to help Jewish patients find a transplant match.  They recruit both bone marrow donors and cord blood donations from the Jewish community.  Gift of Life operates their own accredited cord blood laboratory that participates in the national NMDP network.

J.P. McCarthy Cord Stem Cell Bank

4100 John R. Street, Detroit

The J.P. McCarthy cord blood bank was founded in memory of a morning radio show host in Detroit. It is run by the Karmanos Cancer Institute.

Life Line Stem Cell

124 Lincoln Hwy W., New Haven

Life Line Stem Cell asks mothers arriving for delivery to donate all perinatal tissue: cord blood, cord tissue, and the placenta. Cord blood donations that are eligible for transplant are sent to a public cord blood bank; the tissue collections go towards research programs.

LifeCord LifeSouth

4039 Newberry Road, Gainesville FL 32607, Gainesville

Lifecord is a cord blood donation program of LifeSouth Community Blood Centers. LifeCord was the first public cord bank established in the Southeastern United States.

MD Anderson Cord Blood Bank

1515 Holcombe Blvd. Unit 423., Houston

M.D. Anderson hospital has the largest stem cell transplantation program in the world, and in April 2005 they established a public cord blood bank that is accredited under the international standards.

 

Michigan Blood
1036 Fuller NE. PO Box 1704 Grand Rapids, Michigan

Michigan Blood mails the cord blood donation kit to the expectant mother but only accepts collections from deliveries at selected hospitals.

NY Blood Center: National Cord Blood Program

45-01 Vernon Blvd., NY, Long Island City

Collection hospitals for the NY Blood Center do NOT require advance registration: mothers can give a partial consent to collect the cord blood during labor, and only if the collected cord blood is suitable for transplantation will the mothers will be given additional education and asked for a final banking consent post-delivery.
 

Oklahoma Blood Institute

1001 N. Lincoln Blvd., Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, Oklahoma City

Oklahoma Blood Institute (OBI) is launching a public cord blood bank in 2018.

San Diego Cord Blood Bank

3636 Gateway Center Avenue., San Diego

The San Diego Cord Blood Bank has received funding from the California Umbilical Cord Blood Collection Program that enables them to  collect donations.

Upstate Cord Blood Bank

4910 Broad Road, Syracuse, NY 13215, Syracuse

SUNY Upstate Medical University in Syracuse NY hosts a new public (& soon family) cord blood bank, launched in February 2017.

Vitalant New Jersey

102 Chestnut Ridge Road, Montvale NJ 07645, Montvale

Vitalant New Jersey (formerly Community Blood Services) can accept cord blood donations without pre-registration at participating hospitals that have on-site staff.  Donations are also accepted from certain hospitals via partnerships with local charities.

SOURCE: https://parentsguidecordblood.org

Private Cord Blood Banks

ViaCord

930 Winter Street
Waltham, MA 02451

 

For nearly 20 years, ViaCord's mission has been to provide the highest quality stem cell preservation service and care to our patients, families, and their physicians. We believe these words are much more than just a promise. They are the commitment we live by.

 

Evercord

921 Terry Avenue
Seattle, WA 9810

Evercord uses the laboratory of the public bank BloodworksNW. The laboratory was founded in 1944, has been banking cord blood for 20 years, has released over 1,000 cord blood units for transplant to more than 100 hospitals around the world, and is accredited by AABB.

 

Cord Blood Registry

611 Gateway Blvd (Suite 820) South
San Francisco, CA 94080

 

Cord Blood Registry® (CBR®) is the world's largest newborn stem cell company. CBR is dedicated to advancing the clinical application of newborn stem cells by partnering with leading research institutions to establish FDA-regulated clinical trials, requiring CBR processed cord blood, for conditions that have no cure today.

 

Cryo-Cell

700 Brooker Creek Blvd.
Oldsmar FL 34677

 

Cryo-Cell International, the world's first family cord blood bank, provides premier cord blood stem cell cryopreservation service. Cryo-Cell acquired the CORD:USE public bank in June 2018 and continues to operate their network of cord blood donation hospitals.

New England Cord Blood Bank

500 Donald J. Lynch Blvd.
Marlborough, MA 01752

 

New England Cord Blood Bank (NECBB), an affiliate of New England Cryogenic Center, is a private, family owned and operated cord blood bank. As pioneers in the industry with over 40 years of experience, NECBB is recognized as a global leader in the cryopreservation of cord blood and umbilical cord tissue serving countries worldwide.

 

LifebankUSA

45 Horsehill Road
Cedar Knolls, NJ 07927

 

LifebankUSA seeks mothers in NEW YORK & NEW JERSEY ONLY who will donate both their cord blood and their placenta. The donations support an international registry, clinical trials and research.  Donations can be taken from any hospital, but mothers must register at least 8 weeks prior to delivery and pass a health screening.

 

StemCyte

13800 Live Oak Ave.
Baldwin Park, CA 91706

 

StemCyte is a global cord blood therapeutics company.  StemCyte participates in the US network of public cord blood banks operated by Be The Match. In addition, StemCyte operates the National Cord Blood Bank of Taiwan, whose units are also listed with Be The Match. BloodworksNW 921 Terry Avenue., Seattle Bloodworks Northwest (formerly Puget Sound Blood Center) collects cord blood donations directly in Washington state, and also receives donations from Hawaii.

 

MiracleCord

75 N. Michigan Avenue, Suite 3100 Chicago, IL 60611

 

MiracleCord is a family cord blood bank with laboratory facilities that are AABB-accredited for both cord blood and cord tissue banking.

 

FamilyCord

11915 La Grange Ave

Los Angeles, CA 90025

FamilyCord is a physician-founded leader in cord blood and cord tissue banking that is guided by the highest scientific and ethical standards.

 

Americord

139 Fulton St #707

New York, NY 10038

Maze Cord Blood Laboratories

2975 Westchester Avenue,

Purchase, NY 10577

 

MAZE is not AABB-accredited, they are a marketing company that sub-contracts to the AABB accredited laboratory at Community Blood Services in Montvale, NJ.

 

AlphaCord

1777 Northeast Expressway NE Suite 180 Atlanta, GA 30329

 

Atlanta Celebration Stem Cell Centre

3495 South Mercy Rd.

Gilbert, AZ 85297

 

The Celebration Stem Cell Centre (CSCC), offers both public donation and private "family banking" of umbilical cord blood.  All cord blood collections are processed according to the highest standards in the industry in a new, state-of-the art facility located in Gilbert, Arizona.  The public cord blood donation program is funded by the private "family banking" program and private philanthropy.

 

Cleveland Cord Blood Center

25001 Emery Rd #150

Warrensville Heights, OH 44128

 

Abraham J. & Phyllis Katz Cord Blood Foundation d.b.a. Cleveland Cord Blood Center collects donations in Cleveland and Atlanta.

ClinImmune

12705 E. Montview Blvd, Suite 250, Aurora

 

ClinImmune Labs is an academic-based biotechnology company that processes cord blood donations for the University of Colorado Cord Blood Bank and the St. Louis Cord Blood Bank.

 

Cord For Life

270 Northlake Boulevard, Altamonte Springs FL 32701

 

Cord for Life accepts NATIONAL MAIL-IN DONATIONS. Mothers must register by week 34 of pregnancy.

 

CryoCyte

1533 E. Northfield Dr.,46112 , Brownsburg

 

CryoCyte is a service of Cryopoint LLC biorepository. CryoCyte has been privately banking cord blood for over 12 years.

 

Family Link

231 East Chestnut Street 

Louisville, KY 40202

 

Family Link is a program of Norton Healthcare, a not-for-profit organization which operates dozens of hospitals throughout Kentucky and Southern Indiana.   The cord blood banking program only accepts clients within a 4 hour driving distance of metro Louisville.  Their lab is based at Norton Children's Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky.

Gencure: Texas Cord Blood Bank

First Park Ten Blvd, San Antonio, TX 78213

 

Cord Blood Bank is a division of the South Texas Blood & Tissue Center, and since 2014 is affiliated with GenCure.

Michigan Blood

1036 Fuller NE. PO Box 1704, Grand Rapids Michigan

Michigan Blood mails the cord blood donation kit to the expectant mother but only accepts collections from deliveries at selected hospitals.

 

OneBlood

10100 Dr Martin Luther King Jr St N.
Saint Petersburg, FL

 

OneBlood was born from the merger of three major Florida blood centers in Jan 2012. OneBlood serves the blood transfusion needs of about 80% of Florida's population and is the nation's third largest blood program.

 

PacifiCord

185 Technology Drive,CA 92618

 

Irvine PacifiCord, a family cord blood bank in Irvine, CA, uses optimal processing and storage technology for long-term cord blood stem cell cryopreservation.

 

San Diego Cord Blood Bank

3636 Gateway Center Avenue., San Diego

 

The San Diego Cord Blood Bank has received funding from the California Umbilical Cord Blood Collection Program (UCBCP) that enables them to  collect donations.

 

Stem Cell Cryobank

10301 Hagen Ranch Road,FL 33437

 

Boynton Beach Stem Cell Cryobank is an AABB accredited & FDA registered facility that processes and stores cord blood and adult stem cells since 2003. The Stem Cell Cryobank is affiliated with the South Florida Bone Marrow/Stem Cell Transplant Institute (bmscti.org).

 

Montvale Vitalant

102 Chestnut Ridge Road

Montvale, NJ 07645

 

Montvale Vitalant New Jersey (formerly Community Blood Services) can accept cord blood donations without pre-registration at participating hospitals that have on-site staff.  Donations are also accepted from certain hospitals via partnerships with local charities.

SOURCE: https://parentsguidecordblood.org

Public Cord Blood Banks:

  • Saneron CCEL

    • Tampa, FL

    • saneron-ccel.com

  • Upstate Cord Blood Bank

    • Syracuse, NY

    • upstatecordbloodbank.com

  • BloodworksNW

    • Seattle, WA

    • bloodworksnw.org

  • San Diego Cord Blood Bank

    • San Diego, CA

    • sandiegobloodbank.org

  • Gencure: Texas Cord Blood Bank

    • San Antonio, TX

    • gencure.org

  • ITxM: The Institute For Transfusion Medicine

    • Rosemont, IL

    • givecord.org

  • J.P. McCarthy Cord Stem Cell Bank

    • Rochester Hills, MI

    • karmanos.org

  • St. Louis Cord Blood Bank

    • Park Avenue, St.

    • Louisslcbb.org

  • New Jersey Cord Blood Bank

    • Paramus, NJ

    • communitybloodservices.org

  • CHOC Cord Blood Bank

    • Orange, CA

    • choc.org

  • Oklahoma Blood Institute

    • Oklahoma City, OK

    • obi.org

  • University of Iowa Cord Blood Bank

    • North Liberty, IA

    • uihealthcare.org

  • Life Line Stem Cell

    • New Haven, IN

    • lifelinestemcell.org

  • NY Blood Center: National Cord Blood

    • Long Island City, NY

    • nationalcordbloodprogram.org

  • MD Anderson Cord Blood Bank

    • Houston, TX

    • mdanderson.org

  • Michigan Blood

    • Grand Rapids, MI

    • miblood.org

  • LifeCord Life South

    • Gainesville, FL

    • lifecord.org

  • Carolinas Cord Blood Bank

    • Durham, NC

    • ccbb.duke.edu

  • Cleveland Cord Blood Center

    • Cleveland, OH

    • clevelandcordblood.org

  • California's Umbilical Cord Blood Collection Program

    • California, CA

    • ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/cordblood

  • Gift of Life

    • Boca Raton, FL

    • giftoflife.org

  • StemCyte

    • Baldwin Park, CA

    • stemcyte.com

  • ClinImmune: University of Colorado Cord Blood Bank

    • Aurora, CO

    • clinimmune.com

Private Cord Blood Banks:

  • ViaCord

    • Waltham, MA

    • viacord.com

  • Core23 BioBank

    • Springfield, MO

    • core23biobank.com

  • Evercord TM (A Natera Brand)

    • Seattle WA

    • evercord.com

  • Cord Blood Registry

    • San Bruno, CACordBlood.com

  • Maze Cord Blood

    • Purchase NY

    • mazecordblood.com

  • Cryo-Cell International

    • Oldsmar, FL

    • cryo-cell.com

  • Americord

    • New York, NY

    • americordblood.com

  • Cord Blood Solutions

    • Montvale, NJ

    • cordbloodsolutions.com

  • Safetycord

    • Montvale, NJ

    • safetycord.com

  • Stork Medical

    • Montvale, NJ

    • stork.md

  • Assure Immune

    • Miami, FL

    • assureimmune.com

  • New England Cord

    • Marlborough, MA

    • cordbloodbank.com

  • Family Link

    • Louisville, KY

    • nortonhealthcare.com

  • Family Cord

    • Los Angeles, CA

    • familycord.com

  • PacifiCord

    • Irvine, CA

    • pacificord.com

  • Texas Stem Cell

    • Houston, TX

    • texasstemcell.com

  • CorCell

    • Helm Drive, NV

    • corcell.com

  • GeneCell International

    • Doral, FL

    • genecell.com

  • MiracleCord

    • Chicago, IL

    • miraclecord.com

  • LifebankUSA

    • Cedar Knolls, NJ

    • lifebankusa.com

  • Cryopoint: Biorepository

    • Brownsburg, IN

    • cryopointllc.com

  • Stem Cell Cryobank

    • Boynton Beach, FL

    • stemcellcryobank.com

  • CariCord

    • Aurora, CO

    • caricord.com

  • Genecord

    • Augusta, GA

    • genecord.com

  • Xytex

    • Augusta, GA

    • xytextissues.com

  • AlphaCord

    • Atlanta, GA

    • alphacord.com

  • Lifeforce Cryobanks (Cord for Life SM )

    • Altamonte Springs, FL

    • cordforlife.com